Types and styles of Calligraphy

In Islamic art there are two conventional systems: Tauriq and Tastir: vegetal decoration with curved lines and polygonal geometry. Both systems are referred to in Epigraphy – the study of ancient inscriptions such as the calligraphic expression of recitation, of the Qur’an, poems or traditional literary fragments -. This study unifies what may seem impossible to reconcile, it defines the very concepts behind Islam’s entire artistic production; lines and shapes coexist in one same format and share one same material in such a way that there sometimes appears to be no difference between the beautiful Kufic calligraphy and the masterful lines of Tauriq or Tastir.